The lessons learned in a kind environment are useful for accurate application (predictions, choices, inferences, etc). Also see Wicked environment.

Inference involves two settings: In the first, information is acquired (learning); in the second, it is applied (predictions or choices). Kind learning environments involve close matches between the informational elements in the two settings and are a necessary condition for accurate inferences.

(Hogarth, Lejarraga, and Soyer 2015)