This is the most common form of Interoperability. Company A makes a product and Company B makes a thing that works with that product, but doesn’t talk to Company A about it. Company A doesn’t know or care to know about Company B’s add-on.

(Doctorow 2019)


Doctorow, Cory. 2019. “Interoperability: Fix the Internet, Not the Tech Companies.” Electronic Frontier Foundation.